Healthy heart tips
for you and your love one.
How a few a healthy heart tips in your diet can have a big impact in your life style, you need to start with a heart-healthy diet:
Eat fruits and vegetables. Eat a variety of fruit and vegetable servings every day. Dark green, deep orange, or yellow fruits and vegetables are especially nutritious. Examples include spinach, carrots, peaches, and berries.
Eat a variety of grain products every day. Include whole-grain foods that have lots of fiber and nutrients. Examples of whole grains include oats, whole wheat bread, and brown rice.
Eat fish at least 2 times each week. Oily fish, which contain omega-3 fatty acids, are best for your heart. These fish include tuna, salmon, mackerel, lake trout, herring, and sardines.
Limit saturated fat and cholesterol. To limit saturated fat and cholesterol, try to choose the following foods:
o Lean meats and meat alternatives like beans or tofu
o Fish, vegetables, beans, and nuts
o Nonfat and low-fat dairy products
o Polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats, like canola and olive oils, to replace saturated fats, such as butter
Read food labels and limit the amount of trans fat you eat. Trans fat raises the levels of LDL ("bad”) cholesterol and also lowers high-density lipoprotein (HDL, or "good") cholesterol in the blood. Trans fat is found in many processed foods made with shortening or with partially hydrogenated or hydrogenated vegetable oils. These foods include cookies, crackers, chips, and many snack foods.
Choose healthy fats. Unsaturated fats, such as olive, canola, corn, and sunflower oils, are part of a healthy diet. But all fats are high in calories, so watch your serving sizes.
Limit salt ( sodium). Limit sodium intake to less than 2,300 mg of sodium per day (about one teaspoon). Choose and prepare foods with little or no salt. Watch for hidden sodium in foods.
Eat only as many calories as you need to stay at a healthy weight. Learn how much is a serving, and then check your portion sizes. Limit drinks with added sugar and high-fructose corn syrup. If you want to lose weight, increase your activity level to burn more calories than you eat.
If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation. Limit alcohol intake to 2 drinks a day for men and 1 drink a day for women.
Limit added sugar. Limit drinks and foods with added sugar.
When you are eating away from home, try to follow these heart-healthy diet tips.
You can get even more benefit from making diet changes if you also get plenty of exercise and don't smoke.
But you don't have to be perfect, and you don't have to do it all at once. Make one or two changes at a time. As soon as you are used to those, make another one or two changes. Over time, making a number of small changes can add up and make a big difference in your health.
Here are some ideas about how to get started:
Choose whole-grain bread instead of white bread.
Have a piece of fruit instead of a candy bar.
Try to eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Add one or two servings of fruits and vegetables to your day. Slowly add more servings until you are eating at least 5 servings a day.
Switch from 2% or whole milk to 1% or nonfat milk.
Instead of meat, have fish for dinner. Brush it with olive oil, and broil or grill it.
Switch from butter to a cholesterol-lowering soft spread. Use olive or canola oil for cooking.
Use herbs and spices, instead of salt, to add flavor to foods.
It may take some time to get used to new tastes and habits, but don't give up. Keep in mind the good things you are doing for your heart and your overall health.
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